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While adhering to the terms of the CBA between Ford Motor Company and the UAW during wartime, Arbitrator Harry Shulman nonetheless interpreted those terms broadly, so as to produce results that did not discriminate against women by reason of their sex. The author concludes that “the labor arbitration process was capable of listening to the …

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Constraint and variety in arbitration systems

An essay on the differences in concepts of arbitration, how they originated, and the apparent uniformities in the evolution of arbitration systems. The authors discuss the two types of permanent arbitration systems extant prior to 1940 – the Impartial Chairman System and the umpire system, – and the development of arbitration systems after 1940. Also …

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The Chrysler-UAW umpire system

A comparison of the elements of the Chrysler-UAW umpire system with those of other umpire systems, and a description of the history of the Chrysler-UAW umpire system.

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The author describes the negotiations that resulted in the CBA, and describes the objective of the company’s communications program: that the public “understand that every employee benefit has a cost, and that failure to control costs can make the purported benefits illusory. They should understand the vital role that investment plays in making improved living …

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