Examples of Recent Grants of the Research and Education Foundation (REF), updated in 2019


An Empirical Comparison of the Handling of Statutory Human Rights Claims in Labour Arbitration in Ontario and Before the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario, by Professor Marty Malin of Chicago-Kent College of law and Professor Sara Slinn. 

  • This research examined relevant arbitration awards and HRTO decisions for the years 2009- 2013. The study was completed and published in the 2017 volume of the University of Chicago Legal Forum.


Arbitrationinfo.com, the informational website, hosted by the School of Law (Center for the Study of Dispute Resolution (CSDR)) at University of Missouri.  

  • The website provides the public, professionals and the media with a neutral, noncommercial and comprehensive source of information about arbitration. It includes a list of press contacts that are available to talk to members of the media about arbitration. The website is active.


Digest of Arbitration decisions by the Arbitration Council of Cambodia. 

  • The AC of Cambodia is considered the most effective labor arbitration center in Southeast Asia. This grant funded the editing and publication of the case digests of the Arbitration Council, in English. The project is completed.


Lecture to NAA members on Aging, by Steven Price. 

  • This grant funded the limited expenses of inviting a national speaker on aging, for the Annual NAA Conference. The project is completed.


The Effects of Compulsory Interest Arbitration on Reaching Impasse and on Wage Levels: Evidence from a Unique Change in Canadian Laws, by Professor Chris Riddell. 

  • This research has examined the effects of compulsory interest arbitration on the likelihood of reaching impasse and on wage levels. The project is active.


Research on Procrastination by Arbitrators (Do Labor and Employment Arbitrators Procrastinate?), by Professor Allen Ponak, Daphne Taras, and Piers Steel.

  • The grant has surveyed active NAA arbitrators using a slightly modified version of the questionnaire used in a prior Canadian arbitrator survey. This questionnaire has been psychometrically validated and measures arbitration on five discrete sub-scales: self-efficacy; need for achievement; lack of energy; susceptibility to temptation; and attention distractibility. The project is completed.


Research and creation of two videos on employment arbitration and employment mediation, hosted by Professor Marick Masters, Edward Hartfield, and Darcie Brault of  Wayne State University. 

  • Thi ongoing grant will develop a two companion set of educational products to inform multiple audiences on the practice of employment mediation and arbitration.  The end products are (1) two videos on employment mediation and arbitration, respectively, and (2) accompanying instructional manuals that provide a “how to” approach to both processes and cover relevant background information, including key reference sources to enable users to keep up to date. The project is active.


Research on Employment Arbitration (Employment Arbitrators: Professionalization and Repeat Player Effects), by Professor Mark Gough of Penn State University and Professor Kyle Albert of Harvard University. 

  • This ongoing research explores how arbitrators at different stages of their careers effectively build their practices and attract clients, and the project seeks to expand on the existing empirical literature by asking employment arbitrators directly to comment on the observed statistical differences between repeat and non-repeat players. The project is active.


The Art and Science of Arbitration, by the College of Labor and Employment Lawyers.

  • This documentary and historical video explores the history and value of labor arbitration. The project is complete.


The Case of Nurse Kevin, by Penn State University’s Department of Labor Studies and Employment Relations (PSU LSER), in cooperation with several of its alumni and adjunct faculty

  • This video demonstrates a labor arbitration concerning the discharge of a hospital nurse for alleged misconduct. The video includes an instructor manual. The project is complete.


Future proposals

By year-end 2019, the REF will be issuing several notices of funding opportunity (NOFO) for potential researchers and practitioners.