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The authority of labor arbitrators to fashion and administer discovery procedures is now firmly established. The basic objective of arbitral discovery is to achieve full disclosure while avoiding the legal complexities of discovery as practiced by “litigators.” A duty of full disclosure applies to the parties. This article addresses burden of proof responsibilities (and distinguished …

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The law of contracts: A changing legal environment

Between Harry Shulman’s view that collective bargaining agreements are pacts adopted in complex industrial societies to set up systems for their governance, and the Williston view that a contract is a contract, is the middle ground: collective bargaining agreements as special types of contracts with respect to which the principles of “ordinary” contract law. Professor …

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Arbitrator Wolff asserts that management retains its normal and customary rights except as ceded in negotiations but, implicitly, subject to the obligation of good faith and fair-dealing.

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