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In the United Kingdom, the majority of employment disputes are resolved by Employment Tribunals, rather than civil courts. A statutory body – the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (or “ACAS”) advises employers, employer associations, workers and trade unions, and any party to a dispute (existing or anticipated) can request the assistance of ACAS. The main …

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A description of the changes from reliance on third-party intervention to “unfettered” collective-bargaining in the United Kingdom.

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The author explains why labor arbitration has not flourished in Britain

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There has been legislation in Great Britain against unfair dismissals in operation since February 1972. The author explores workers rights in Britain (union and non-union) and the effects of the Industrial Relations Act of 1971.

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Industrial relations events in Britain including, especially, new legislation.

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The author describes the industrial relations policies and dispute resolution mechanisms in Britain, and their efficacy following the election of the Labour Government in February 1974 and the reliance of that government upon an unspecified “social compact or contract.” Th3 policy failed to stem rapidly increasing pay settlements which quickly ran up from the region …

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Report from an overseas correspondent about recent developments in Britain in labor arbitration and mediation.

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In some European countries (Belgium, France, Italy and Germany), arbitration of labor disputes is rarely used and/or is illegal. Instead, labor courts render final adjudication. Sweden and Italy have some experience with arbitration, although in Sweden interest is declining and in Italy the procedure is “informal”. Interest in arbitration has risen in Britain, owing to …

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An Overseas Correspondent reports a dramatic change of British labor relations activity, occasioned by the change from Conservative Party to Labor Party government. The Conservative-sponsored Industrial Relations Act 1971 was abolished, followed by enactment of the Trade Union and Labor Relations Act 1974 and the Employment Protection Act 1975. The mediation activities of the Advisory, …

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A comparison of the dispute settlement procedures in effect prior to enactment of the Industrial Relations Act in 1971, with the procedures followed after that Act’s enactment, and a discussion of how the National Industrial Relations Court has operated after the Act’s enactment.

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