Synopsis By: Marx - Proceeding Author: H. D. Woods

Unlike the United States, in Canada, arbitration of disputes under a collective bargaining agreement is not voluntary but, rather, is required by law. Concomitantly, strikes and lockouts during the term of an agreement are banned by law. The author poses the theory that that Canadian requirement of arbitration, under terms varying in different provinces, has inhibited the initiative of management and unions in seeking enhanced means of dispute resolution.