In 1968, significantly fewer cases involving assertion of rights under collective bargaining agreements were reported than in prior years. The U.S. Supreme Court rendered only one decision relevant to this report. However, some important determinations were made at the circuit level. the major trend of judicial decision continues to be to send disputes to arbitration and to refrain fromdisplacing the judgment of the arbitrator with that of the court before and after the award has been issued. There still persist thosecourts, however, who do not comport with the forbearance required by the decisions of the Supreme Court and, consequently, an increase in judicial ouster of arbitral judgment was observable this year.