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The “black revolution” places new pressures on collective bargaining, trade unionism, and industrial relations, and will affect the established norms of contract administration. The author predicts problems in the negotiation of agreements because of splits in the bargaining unit caused by challenges of interpersonal relations and the entry of a new community of persons into …

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Procedures under the Railway Labor Act: A panel discussion

A discussion of the emergency board procedures under the Railway Labor Act including the positive and negative aspects of the Act and procedures, crises in the collective bargaining machinery, and the possibility of restructuring cumbersome procedures. The panel also discusses the selection of board personnel and the importance of the board to its success, specialized …

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Procedural problems in the conduct of arbitration hearings: A discussion

A discussion of the following procedural disputes: Ruling on arbitrability before hearing the merits – ex parte hearings – calling the opposing party’s witnesses first – admissibility of settlement offers – new evidence not discussed during previous steps of the grievance procedure – whether cross-examination is limited to the scope of direct-examination – cutting off …

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Constraint and variety in arbitration systems

An essay on the differences in concepts of arbitration, how they originated, and the apparent uniformities in the evolution of arbitration systems. The authors discuss the two types of permanent arbitration systems extant prior to 1940 – the Impartial Chairman System and the umpire system, – and the development of arbitration systems after 1940. Also …

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A review of arbitration decisions, comparing contracts that contain a “maintenance of conditions” provision with contracts that do not. The result of that review: standards for the arbitrator’s decisions and the awards are the same for wash-up time, lunch period and contracting-out cases, but are different for crew-size cases (possibly because crew size goes to …

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