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A discussion of the use of extrinsic evidence in the interpreting collective-bargaining agreement provisions. Resorts to extrinsic evidence for the purpose of ascertaining the parties and can’t is approved but use of extrinsic evidence to create new obligations is opposed.

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A review of wrongful discharge litigation in California, and of the judicially-recognized exceptions to the common-law principle of employment at will. Unfair dismissal legislation is advocated as serving the interests of employees, employers and the public. Experience with unfair dismissal legislation in Canada and Europe is reviewed and concerns of unions and the plaintiffs’ bar …

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Intervention: Rights and policies

A discussion of the opposing theories underlying the alternatives to intervention by interested employees in grievance arbitrations. The theory espoused by one of the principal proponents, Professor Clyde W. Summers, that the individual employee has the right to sue the employer separately for breach of contract, is contrasted with the theory espoused by then Solicitor …

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