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Arbitrator Winograd examines the derivation and purposes served by the broad admissibility of evidentiary submissions in labor arbitrations, and subsequent assessment of reliability and weight made by the arbitrator. He also presents the contrary views and reasoning of its critics. A simulated case is then presented to members of the National Academy, who discuss the …

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How the Trilogy was made.

Professor Murphy introduces Professor Feller, and then Professor Feller describes the events in his career that led to his appearance before the Supreme Court in the Steelworkers Trilogy and other cases. He also describes the “well-planned litigation strategy” that brought the Trilogy cases before the Court, and the Court’s rulings on the enforcement, under Section …

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The arbitration hearing: Part 2. Arbitral therapy

In Steelworkers v. American Manufacturing Co, Justice William Douglas spoke of the “therapeutic” and “cathartic” values of labor arbitration. The authors describe the possible psychologically therapeutic effects that can derive from the choice of hearing site, informality of the hearing, and the role of the arbitrator. In the comments that follow, the authors opine that …

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An analysis of Supreme Court cases influencing the development of collective bargain and arbitration, and of the shift of the NLRB’s deferral standards, and reasons other than those raised by Paul Weiler [see 1985, page 37] for the decline in the unionized workforce. (Includes table of automotive/UAW wage increases 93-94.)

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In negotiating their CBA, the parties to a collective bargaining agreement select “their own brand of industrial justice.” The role of the arbitrator is to effectuate their intent. The author believes that, as written, the “essence” test is unworkable.

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Prof. Feller agrees with Prof. St. Antoine, that the arbitrator is a “contract reader” and not a “contract enforcer.” The sole function of the arbitrator is to say what the agreement means, and that should also be the arbitrator’s sole function in fashioning the remedy. The primary authority implicitly granted to the arbitrator is to …

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Judicial review of labor arbitration awards: a second look at Enterprise Wheel and its progeny

A discussion as to the degree that external law must be considered, if at all, in the arbitral resolution of the terms of a collective bargaining agreement. The author views the arbitrator as the “reader” of the agreement, under terms set by the parties and that, since the parties have agreed to accept an award …

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Reiterates position previously taken – that arbitrators are bound by the law. Rejects the Mittenthal formula (1968, p. 42). Cites arbitrators’ decisions on both sides of the debate. Discusses cases where courts have considered the merits of awards.

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Ruminations about ideology, law, and labor arbitration

Examination of (1) whether arbitration is especially vulnerable to pressure incompatible with fair and even-handed dispute resolution; (2) the appropriate role of courts in reviewing arbitration decisions; and (3) the proper role of the arbitrator vis-?-vis statutory or policy issues in interpreting the agreement. Particular emphasis on a critique of arbitration by Judge (and former …

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An examination of the relationship between arbitration and the NLRB. Includes discussion of Board deferral to arbitration in unfair labor practice and representation cases, both where arbitration has been used and where it is available but has not been used; the duty to furnish information relevant to contract administration; and arguably invalid contract clauses. Also …

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