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The individual employee’s rights under the collective bargaining agreement: What constitutes fair representation

A panel presentation of the union’s duty of fair representation. Professor Summers discusses Vaca v. Sipes, traces the origin of the duty of fair representation [“DFR”] in contract negotiations and…

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Intervention: Rights and policies

A discussion of the opposing theories underlying the alternatives to intervention by interested employees in grievance arbitrations. The theory espoused by one of the principal proponents, Professor Clyde W. Summers,…

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